## Requirements for the Major and Minor in Applied Math and Statistics (AMS)

Acceptance into the Applied Mathematics and Statistics Major

Qualified freshman and transfer students who have indicated their interest in the major on their applications are accepted directly into the major upon admission to the University. Students who did not apply for the major and those who were not accepted into the major when they entered the University may apply directly to the Department only after completion of AMS 161 or MAT 132 or MAT 142 or MAT 127; AMS 210 or MAT 211; and CSE 110 or CSE 114 or CSE 130 or ESG 111.

Requirements for the Major

The major in Applied Mathematics and Statistics leads to the Bachelor of Science degree. Completion of the major requires approximately 60 credits.

**A. Study Within the Area of the Major**

1. AMS 151, AMS 161 Applied Calculus I, II

AMS 210 or MAT 211 Applied Linear Algebra

AMS 261 or MAT 203 or MAT 205 Applied Calculus III

Note: The following alternate calculus course sequences may be substituted for AMS 151, AMS 161 in major requirements or prerequisites:

MAT 125, MAT 126, MAT 127

or MAT 131, MAT 132

or MAT 141, MAT 142

or MAT 171

2. CSE 110 Introduction to Computer Science

or CSE 114 Computer Science I

or CSE 130 Introduction to Programming in C

or ESG 111 C Programming for Engineering

3. 24 credits of AMS courses numbered 301 and above including AMS 301 Finite Mathematical Structures and either AMS 310 Survey of Probability and Statistics or AMS 311 Probability Theory. (A minimum of 18 of these 24 credits must be designated AMS courses. The remaining six credits may be replaced by an equal number of credits taken from approved upper-division mathematically oriented courses. Typical approved substitutions are ECO 321, ECO 348, and all courses designated CSE numbered 301 and above and MAT 310 and above.)

4. Upper-Division Writing Requirement: AMS 300 Writing in Applied Mathematics

All degree candidates must demonstrate skill in written English at a level acceptable for Applied Mathematics and Statistics majors. AMS students must register for the writing course AMS 300, or submit a technical paper(s) written for other courses. The requirement may also be met by earning a grade of C or higher in a writing course approved by the Department or, if the student has a double major, by satisfying the requirement for the other major.

**B. Study in Related Areas**

To gain a background in fields that generate mathematical applications, a minimum of 14 additional credits are chosen from among the course offerings in appropriate social sciences, the natural sciences, and engineering. Courses taken to satisfy item 3 above may not be used to satisfy this requirement. No more than eight of these credits may come from any one department.

Grading

All courses taken to satisfy requirements A. 1, 2, and 3 above must be taken for a letter grade and passed with a grade of D or higher.

Double Majors

The Department urges students in other majors who are considering a double major with AMS first to select individual AMS courses on the basis of their academic interests or career plans. Only after a student has taken several AMS courses should he or she decide on this as a second major.

On the other hand, AMS students are strongly encouraged to double major (or to minor) in another discipline. The most frequent choices of AMS double majors are computer science and economics.

Actuarial Science

The AMS major covers the mathematical sciences topics tested in the first actuarial examination and part of the second actuarial examination. For more information about actuarial science as well as study materials to help prepare for actuarial examinations, students should see the Department's actuarial advisor. Also see the Web site http://www.soa.org for details.

Recommendations for Students Majoring in Applied Mathematics and Statistics

The Department encourages students to have a broad exposure to many types of mathematical reasoning and to its diverse roles in the social and natural sciences. During their first two years, students considering an AMS major are encouraged to take, in addition to the required calculus sequence, two semesters of physics numbered PHY 121 or higher; CSE 110 or CSE 113, CSE 114 or CSE 130 or ESG 111; one other computer course (competence in computer programming is essential for many professional careers); and some economics. At the end of the sophomore year or the beginning of the junior year, students begin taking upper-division AMS courses, usually starting with AMS 301 and AMS 310. At the same time, they are strongly encouraged to continue taking MAT and CSE courses and mathematically oriented courses in other departments, such as ECO 303. The following list of course sequences for certain professions is given as a preliminary guide to students with interests in these professions. Students should speak with faculty members specializing in these areas as early as possible for more information.

Statistics: AMS 301, AMS 310, AMS 311, AMS 312, AMS 315, AMS 316, another CSE course beyond CSE 110 or CSE 114 or CSE 130 or MEC 111; students considering graduate statistics programs should take MAT 310 and MAT 320.

Operations Research or Management Science: AMS 301, AMS 310, AMS 311, AMS 341, and AMS 342; students considering graduate operations research programs should take MAT 310 and MAT 320.

Programmer-Analyst: AMS 301, AMS 310, AMS 311, AMS 321, AMS 326, AMS 341, and CSE 214, CSE 220, and CSE 301.

Secondary Teaching: Students preparing for a career as a teacher of mathematics in the secondary schools enroll in the Mathematics Secondary Teacher Education Program. See the Education and Teacher Certification entry in the alphabetical listings of Approved Majors, Minors, and Programs.

Course Sequence in the Applied Mathematics and Statistics Major

Many students enter the University intending another major and change to the Applied Mathematics and Statistics major, or add it as a second major, toward the end of the sophomore year or in the junior year. Required courses for the major in the first two years are the calculus sequence and linear algebra-virtually the same mathematical requirements as found in the intended majors of students who subsequently switch to Applied Mathematics and Statistics.

The particular set of 300-level AMS courses taken in the junior and senior years by Applied Mathematics and Statistics majors, and the order in which they are taken, is very flexible. Normally, majors take AMS 301 and AMS 310 (the two required 300-level AMS courses) first. For assistance in 300-level AMS course sequences, majors are encouraged to speak with the undergraduate program director.

The Combined B.S./M.S. Program in Applied Mathematics and Statistics

The combined B.S./M.S. program in applied mathematics and statistics allows students with superior academic records to use up to nine graduate credits toward both the B.S. and M.S. degree requirements, thus reducing the normal time required to complete both programs to five years (ten semesters). For detailed program requirements, please refer to the Graduate Bulletin.

The advantage of the combined program is that the M.S. degree can be earned in less time than that required by the traditional course of study. The M.S. degree in Applied Mathematics and Statistics normally requires three to four semesters of study after completion of a bachelor's degree. The in-depth training of a master's degree is required by many employers for professional positions in applied mathematics and statistics (beyond beginning programmer analyst jobs).

For more details about the B.S./M.S. program, see the undergraduate program director or graduate studies director in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics.

The Combined B.S./M.P.H. Program in Applied Mathematics and Statistics

The combined B.S./M.P.H. program allows students with superior academic records to use up to 12 graduate credits toward both the B.S. in Applied Mathematics and Statistics and the M.A. in Public Health degree requirements, thus reducing the normal time required to complete both programs to five years (ten semesters). For detailed program requirements, please refer to the Graduate Bulletin or contact the undergraduate program director in Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics or graduate studies director in the Department of Public Health.

Requirements for the Minor

The minor in Applied Mathematics and Statistics is designed for students who take a limited amount of mathematics in their major. The AMS minor must include at least 18 credits in courses that are not used to satisfy the requirements of the student's primary major; therefore, students in majors requiring a substantial amount of mathematics may find that a double major with AMS requires fewer credits.

A. Calculus: AMS 151, AMS 161 (See Note)

B. Linear algebra: AMS 210 or MAT 211 (Students who took AMS 201 prior to declaring the AMS minor may substitute AMS 201)

C. Core AMS courses: AMS 301 and AMS 310

D. AMS electives: three additional 300-level AMS courses

Note: The following alternate calculus course sequences may be substituted for AMS 151, AMS 161 in requirements for the minor or prerequisites:

MAT 125, MAT 126, MAT 127

or MAT 131, MAT 132

or MAT 141, MAT 142

or MAT 171