Requirements for the Major in Biology (BIO)

Students must complete a minimum of 33 credits in Requirements A and C. (See Note 1). All courses used to satisfy requirements A and C must be passed with a letter grade of C or higher. At least one semester of each of the following two-semester sequences must be passed with a letter grade of C or higher: calculus, general chemistry lecture, organic chemistry lecture, and physics lecture/lab. Courses taken under the Pass/ No Credit option may not be used to satisfy major requirements.

Completion of the major requires appro­ximately 67 to 69 credits.

A. Biology Core

  1. BIO 150 The Living World (See Note 1)
  2. BIO 201, BIO 202, BIO 203 Fundamentals of Biology (See Note 2)
  3. BIO 204 and BIO 205 Fundamentals of Scientific Inquiry in the Biological Sciences I and II

B. Courses Required in Related Fields

  1. MAT 125, MAT 126 Calculus A, B or MAT 131, MAT 132 Calculus I, II or MAT 141, MAT 142 Calculus I, II: Honors or MAT 171 Accelerated Single Variable Calculus or level 8 or 9 on the Mathematics Placement Examination.
  2. CHE 129/CHE 130 or CHE 131, CHE 132 General Chemistry and CHE 133, CHE 134 General Chemistry Laboratory or CHE 141, CHE 142 Honors Chemistry and CHE 143, CHE 144 Honors General Chemistry Laboratory
  3. CHE 321, CHE 322 or CHE 326 Organic Chemistry I, IIA or IIB or CHE 331, CHE 332 Honors Organic Chemistry
  4. CHE 327 Organic Chemistry Laboratory or CHE 383 Introductory Synthetic and Spectroscopic Laboratory Techniques
  5. PHY 121/PHY 123, PHY 122/PHY 124 Physics for Life Sciences I, II and labs or PHY 125, PHY 126, PHY 127 Classical Physics A, B, C or PHY 131/PHY 133, PHY 132/PHY 134 Classical Physics I, II and labs or PHY 141, PHY 142 Classical Physics I, II: Honors
  6. AMS 110 Probability and Statistics in Life Sciences or AMS 310 Survey of Probability and Statistics

C. Advanced Courses

All advanced Biology courses have one or more 200 level courses as a prerequisite. A grade of C or higher is required in each 200 level prerequisite in order to enroll in any 300 level Biology course. Students must complete one of the following specializations using the advanced biology lecture and laboratory courses listed below, and courses offered by related departments where specified:

Advanced Lecture Courses:

Area I: Cell Biology and Biochemistry - BIO 310, BIO 314, BIO 315, BIO 316, BIO 317*, BIO 361, BIO 362
Area II: Genetics and Development - BIO 320, BIO 325, BIO 339*
Area III: Neurobiology and Physiology - BIO 317*, BIO 328, BIO 334, BIO 338, BIO 339*
Area IV: Organisms - BIO 340, BIO 341, BIO 343, BIO 344, BIO 348, BIO 380, MAR 370, MAR 371
Area V: Ecology and Evolution - BIO 301, BIO 336, BIO 350, BIO 351, BIO 353, BIO 354, BIO 358, BIO 359, BIO 371, BIO 385, BIO 386, MAR 301, MAR 302, MAR 366, ANP 325.02, ANP 350.02, ANP 391.02

*BIO 317 and BIO 339 may each be used to satisfy only one area.

Advanced Laboratory Courses:

Area I     BIO 311, BIO 313, BIO 365
Area II    BIO 327
Area III   BIO 335
Area IV    BIO 340, BIO 341, BIO 343, BIO 344, BIO 380, MAR 380
Area V     BIO 319, BIO 352, BIO 356, BIO 367, BIO 371MAR 301, MAR 303, MAR 305, MAR 320, MAR 388
Area VI    BIO 312

1. General Biology Specialization

a. Advanced Lecture Courses: At least one lecture course in four of the five areas above. Students in the Biology Secondary Teacher Education Program must take a course in each of the five areas.

b. Advanced Laboratory Courses:  Two advanced laboratory courses chosen from any two of the six areas above. (see Note 3)

c. Study in Depth: A second lecture course in one of the five areas of inquiry or any 400-level BIO course for majors or SCI 454 (for students enrolled in the Biology Secondary Teacher Education Program) or SCI 554 (for students enrolled in the BS/MAT program in Biology). NOTE: BIO 318 can be used as a second course for any lecture area.

d. Biology Electives: Additional advanced biology lecture, laboratory, independent research and reading courses, as needed, for a minimum of 33 credits in Requirements A and C. (See Note 4)

2. Biomedical Engineering Specialization

Unlike other specializations, this one requires MAT 127 Calculus C, but not AMS 110. Students who complete this specialization will automatically receive a Bioengineering minor (BNG).

a. Lecture/Laboratory Courses - Requirement:

BME 100 Introduction to Biomedical Engineering
ESG 111 Programming for Engineers
or MEC 112 Practical C/C++ for Scientists and Engineers
or ESE 124 Computer Techniques for Electronic Design I
or CSE 130 Introduction to Programming in C

b. Subspecializations:

Students in this specialization must choose one of the three sub specializations described below.

i. Biomechanics Subspecialization

MEC 260 Engineering Statics
BME 303 Engineering Methods in Biomechanics
AMS 261 Applied Calculus III (or equivalent)

One of the following two courses:
BME 304 Genetic Engineering
BME 381 Nanofabrication in Biomedical Applications

ii. Bioelectricity Subspecialization

ESE 271 Electrical Circuit Analysis I
BME 301 Bioelectricity
AMS 210 Applied Linear Algebra
BME 313 Bioinstrumentation

iii. Molecules and Cells Subspecialization

BME 304 Genetic Engineering
BME 381 Nanofabrication in Biomedical Applications
ESG 332 Materials Science I: Structures and Properties of Materials

One of the following three courses:
BME 353 Biomaterials: Manufacture, Properties and Applications
BME 404 Essentials of Tissue Engineering
BME 430 Engineering Approaches to Drug and Gene Delivery

c. Breadth Requirement:

i. One advanced biology lecture (which may include BIO 318) or one advanced lecture/laboratory course chosen from any area.

ii. One advanced biology laboratory course chosen from any area (see Note 3). Note: Students who complete this specialization will automatically receive a bioengineering minor.

3.  Developmental Genetics Specialization

a. Lecture/Laboratory Courses Requirement:

i. BIO 320 General Genetics
ii. BIO 325 Animal Development
iii. BIO 327 Developmental Genetics Laboratory
iv. BIO 310 Cell Biology or BIO 339 Molecular Development of the Nervous System

b. Breadth Requirement

i.  Two advanced biology lecture (which may include BIO 318) or lecture/laboratory courses from outside the Developmental Genetics specialization chosen in consultation with the undergraduate biology advisor.

ii. One advanced biology laboratory (or lecture with laboratory) from outside the Developmental Genetics specialization. (See Note 3)

c. Biology Electives

Additional advanced biology lecture, laboratory, independent research and reading courses, as needed, for a minimum of 33 credits in Requirements A and C. (See Note 4)

4. Ecology and Evolution Specialization

a. BIO 351 Ecology
b. BIO 354 Evolution
c. Area Lecture/Laboratory Requirement: Students must choose one course from i. Lecture/Laboratory Courses or one course each from ii. Lecture Courses and iii. Laboratory Courses below.

i. Lecture/Laboratory Courses

BIO 340 Zoology
BIO 341 Plant Diversity
BIO 343 Invertebrate Zoology
BIO 344 Chordate Zoology
BIO 371 Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems
BIO 380 Entomology
MAR 301 Environmental Microbiology

ii. Lecture Courses

BIO 301 Sustainability of the Long Island Pine Barrens
BIO 336 Conservation Biology
BIO 348 Diversity and Evolution of Reptiles
BIO 350 Darwinian Medicine
BIO 353 Marine Ecology
BIO 358 Biology and Human Social and Sexual Behavior
BIO 359 Behavioral Ecology
BIO 385 Plant Ecology
BIO 386 Ecosystem Ecology in a Changing World
MAR 302 Marine Microbiology and Microbial Ecology
MAR 366 Plankton Ecology
MAR 370 Marine Mammals
MAR 371 The Biology and Conservation of Marine Birds and Sea Turtles
ANP 325.02 Primate Behavior (Madagascar)
ANP 350.02 Methods of Studying Primates (Madagascar)
ANP 391.02 Topics in Physical Anthropology (Madagascar)

iii. Laboratory Courses

BIO 319 Landscape Ecology Laboratory
BIO 352 Ecology Laboratory
BIO 356 Applied Ecology and Conservation Biology Laboratory
BIO 367 Molecular Diversity Laboratory
MAR 303 Long Island Marine Habitats
MAR 305 Experimental Marine Biology
MAR 320 Limnology
MAR 380 Ichthyology
MAR 388 Tropical Marine Ecology

d. Breadth Requirement

i. Two advanced biology lecture (which may include BIO 318) or lecture/laboratory courses chosen from any area excluding Area IV, Organisms and Area V, Ecology and Evolution above.

ii.  One advanced biology laboratory (or lecture with laboratory) course chosen from any area excluding Area IV, Organisms and Area V, Ecology and Evolution above. (See Note 3).

e. Biology Electives

Additional advanced biology lecture, laboratory, independent research and reading courses, as needed, for a minimum of 33 credits in Requirements A and C. (See Note 4)

5. Environmental Biology Specialization

a. BIO 351 Ecology

b. Area Lecture/Laboratory Requirement: Three courses chosen from the lists below. In choosing courses, students must include at least one course with laboratory. Students may take no more than one course from i. Organisms, and no more than one course from iii. The Environment.

i.   Organisms

BIO 340 Zoology (with lab)
BIO 341 Plant Diversity (with lab)
BIO 343 Invertebrate Zoology (with lab)
BIO 344 Chordate Zoology (with lab)
BIO 348 Diversity and Evolution of Reptiles
BIO 380 Entomology (with lab)
MAR 370 Marine Mammals
MAR 371 The Biology and Conservation of Marine Birds and Sea Turtles
MAR 380 Ichthyology (lab)

ii.  Ecology

BIO 301 Sustainability of the Long Island Pine Barrens
BIO 319 Landscape Ecology Laboratory
BIO 336 Conservation Biology
BIO 350 Darwinian Medicine
BIO 352 Ecology Lab
BIO 353 Marine Ecology
BIO 354 Evolution
BIO 356 Applied Ecology and Conservation Biology Laboratory
BIO 358 Biology and Human Social and Sexual Behavior
BIO 359 Behavioral Ecology
BIO 367 Molecular Diversity Laboratory
BIO 371 Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems (with lab)
BIO 385 Plant Ecology
BIO 386 Ecosystem Ecology in a Changing World
MAR 301 Environmental Microbiology (with lab)
MAR 302 Marine Microbiology and Microbial Ecology
MAR 303 Long Island Marine Habitats (lab)
MAR 305 Experimental Marine Biology (lab)
MAR 320 Limnology (lab)
MAR 366 Plankton Ecology

MAR 388 Tropical Marine Ecology (lab)
ANP 325.02 Primate Behavior (Madagascar)
ANP 350.02 Methods of Studying Primates (Madagascar)
ANP 391.02 Topics in Physical Anthropology (Madagascar)

iii.  The Environment

ATM 305 Global Atmospheric Change
ATM 397 Air Pollution and its Control
MAR 318 Engineering Geology and Coastal Processes
MAR 333 Coastal Oceanography

c. Breadth Requirement

i. Two advanced biology lecture (which may include BIO 318) courses from outside the Environmental Biology specialization, chosen in consultation with the undergraduate biology advisor.

ii. One advanced biology laboratory course from any area excluding Area IV, Organisms and Area V, Ecology and Evolution. (See Note 3).

d. Biology Electives

Additional advanced biology lecture, laboratory, independent research and reading courses, as needed, for a minimum of 33 credits in Requirements A and C. (See Note 4)

6. Neuroscience Specialization

a. Area Lecture/Laboratory Requirement:

i. BIO 334 Principles of Neurobiology

ii. BIO 328 Mammalian Physiology

iii. BIO 335 Animal Physiology Laboratory

iv. One of the following:

BIO 317 Principles of Cellular Signaling
BIO 338 Self Organization of the Brain
BIO 339 Molecular Development of the Nervous System
BCP 401 Principles of Pharmacology

b. Breadth Requirement

i.  Two advanced biology lecture (which may include BIO 318) or lecture with laboratory courses chosen from any area excluding Area III, Neurobiology and Physiology.

ii. One advanced biology laboratory (or lecture with laboratory) course chosen from any area excluding Area III, Neurobiology and Physiology (See Note 3).

c. Biology Electives

Additional advanced biology lecture, laboratory, independent research and reading courses, as needed, for a minimum of 33 credits in Requirements A and C. (See Note 4)

D. Upper-Division Writing Requirement

The advanced writing component of the major in Biology requires approval by the writing committee of either:

a. A term paper written for an upper-division course in biological sciences at Stony Brook (including readings and research), or
b. Two laboratory reports from a single upper-division course in biological sciences at Stony Brook.

A list of currently participating courses is available in the Undergraduate Biology Office. Students who wish to use material from a participating course should obtain the necessary form and present it to the course director prior to submission of the material. The course director will provide a special evaluation of the writing (in addition to a grade), and send the completed form to the Biology Writing Com­mittee (through the Undergrad­uate Biology Office). Materials from other biology courses may be used if they include a suitable writing component. They must be submitted to the writing committee, together with the form signed by the instructor.

Students are urged to submit appropriate materials in their junior year, or by the end of their next-to-last term, in order to allow for evaluation and possible remedial effort. Later submissions are considered, but may delay graduation. If material is rejected, the student is urged to attend the Writing Center (or to take an appropriate course) before resubmitting the paper or material from another biology course.

Notes: 

1. Students with a high school Biology course and a math placement score of 3 or better can receive a waiver of BIO 150 The Living World. A waiver of BIO 150 does not count toward the minimum 33 credits in Requirements A and C. Although not a required course, BIO 150 is recommended for majors with a math placement score of less than 3 and/or without prior biology training. The three credits of BIO 150 will count toward the Biology major, but not the minor.

2. Requests for waivers of major requirements must be approved by the Undergraduate Biology Studies Committee. Biology majors must meet the major requirements of the bulletin of their latest matriculation date.

3. Four credits and at least 2 consecutive semesters of independent biology research (BIO 486, BIO 487, BIO 489) may replace one upper division laboratory course. For specializations other than General Biology, the  laboratory course outside of the concentration may be replaced by such independent research.

4. Up to six credits of electives may be chosen from a list of courses offered outside the department; see the Undergraduate Biology Office for the current list.

5. Students having completed one or fewer of BIO 201, BIO 202, BIO 203 prior to Fall 2007 must complete BIO 204 and BIO 205; Students having completed two or more of BIO 201, BIO 202, BIO 203 prior to Fall 2007 are exempt from completing BIO 204 AND BIO 205.

Advanced Courses

All advanced Biology courses have one or more 200-level BIO courses as a prerequisite(s). A C or better grade is required in each 200-level prerequisite in order to enroll in any 300-level Biology course.

Application of Transfer Credits to Biology Requirements

Biology courses taken elsewhere apply to major requirements only if authorized by the biology transfer evaluator or if listed as equivalent to a Stony Brook course in Stony Brook Transfer Guides. Transfer students must take at least 15 of the 33 credits in Requirements A and C at Stony Brook in courses for majors at the 200 level or higher. At least 12 of the 15 credits must be in BIO-designator courses. Both of the two advanced laboratory experiences must be taken at Stony Brook (see Note 3). Transfer students may meet Section B (Courses Required in Related Fields) requirements with transferred courses, if the courses are approved as being equivalent (even if the number of credits is different).

Biology Secondary Teacher Education Program

See the Education and Teacher Certifi­cation entry in the alphabetical listings of Approved Majors, Minors, and Programs.

Honors Programs in Biology and in Biology and Society

Graduation with departmental honors in Biology or in Biology and Society requires both of the following:

1. A cumulative grade point average of 3.50 or higher in all courses for the major.

2. Presentation of an honors thesis based on a research project (see list of approved research and internship courses for each specialization below) written in the form of a paper for a scientific journal. The completed thesis must be approved by a thesis committee.

A student interested in becoming a candidate for honors should submit an outline of the proposed thesis research project to the director of undergraduate biology as early as possible but no later than the second week of classes in the last semester. The director of undergraduate biology and the research sponsor appoint a thesis committee consisting of the research sponsor and two additional faculty members, one of them from a department different from that of the research sponsor. The student must present a copy of the finished thesis to each member of the thesis committee for their approval at least 28 days before the date of graduation.

Approved Research and Internship Courses

1. General Biology Specialization

BIO 484, BIO 486, BIO 487BIO 489 Independent Research
BIO 488 Internship

2. Biomedical Engineering Specialization

BME 499 Research in Bioengineering
BIO 488 Internship

3. Developmental Genetics Specialization

BIO 487 Independent Research
BIO 488 Internship

4. Ecology and Evolution Specialization

BIO 489 Research in Ecology and Evolution
BIO 488 Internship

5. Environmental Biology Specialization

One of the following:
ATM 487, BIO 489, MAR 487 Independent Research
BIO 488, MAR 488 Internship

6. Neuroscience Specialization

BIO 486 Research in Neurobiology and Physiology
BIO 488 Internship

Requirements for the Minor in Biology (BIO)

Only students with majors other than Biology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Marine Sciences or Marine Vertebrate Biology may elect the Biology minor. All courses for the minor must be taken for a letter grade. (See Note 1) All credits for the minor, except for those in Requirement A, must be in BIO major courses taken at Stony Brook. Requests for waivers of minor requirements must be approved by the Undergraduate Biology Studies Committee.

Completion of the minor requires at least 20 credits in those biology courses de­signed for the Biology major, including:

A. At least two of the following courses:

BIO 201 Fundamentals of Biology: Organisms to Ecosystems; BIO 202 Fundamentals of Biology: Cell and Molecular Biology; BIO 203 Fundamentals of Biology: Cellular and Organ Physiology

B. Both of the following courses:

BIO 204  Fundamentals of Scientific Inquiry in the Biological Sciences I and BIO 205  Fundamentals of Scientific Inquiry in the Biological Sciences II

C. At least nine credits at the 300 level

D. A lecture or lecture/laboratory course in at least two of the five areas of inquiry (I-V) listed under the biology major.

Note:
1. All 20 credits of biology courses intended for the biology minor must be passed with a grade of C or higher, including 9 credits at the 300 level.
2. A grade of Satisfactory in readings and research courses apply to the quality requirements within credit limitations noted below: Up to two credits of biology independent research (BIO 484, 486, 487, 489) and one credit of tutorial readings (BIO 444, 446, 447, 449) may be applied toward the minor.
3. The list of substitute electives for the major does not apply to the minor.