5/26/2016 'Wonderful' and 'Thankful' Versus 'Battle' and 'Enemy' -- Do Women and Men Communicate Differently?In a computational analysis of the words used by more than 65,000 consenting Facebook users in some 10 million messages, it was discovered that women use language that is warmer and more agreeable than men. Additionally, algorithms of language use predicted one's gender on Facebook 90 percent of the time. The findings are published in PLOS ONE.
5/18/2016 CAREER Award Enables Physicist to Advance Research on the Origins of NeutrinosJoanna Kiryluk, PhD, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Stony Brook University, has received the prestigious Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF).
5/9/2016 Withdrawn Children Display Predictable Brain Activity During Social InteractionsA study using functional-MRI brain scanning reveals certain areas of the brain have higher activity in children who are socially withdrawn or reticent compared to children who are not withdrawn. Led by Stony Brook University psychologist Joanna M. Jarcho, PhD, the study involved fMRI of the children while they experienced a "cartoon classroom" that featured themselves as the new student in the school involved in various social interactions. The findings, published online first in Psychological Science, provide a better understanding of the brain activity of socially withdrawn children and could help form a foundation to teach children how to think differently about social interactions and thus prevent further socially withdrawn behavior or social anxiety.
5/6/2016 Manipulation of Specific Neurons Helps to Erase Bad Memories, Enhance Good OnesImagine if memory could be tuned in such a way where good memories are enhanced for those suffering from dementia or bad memories are wiped away for individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder. A Stony Brook University research team has taken a step toward the possibility of tuning the strength of memory by manipulating one of the brain's natural mechanisms for signaling involved in memory, a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine. Their findings are published in the journal Neuron.
5/3/2016 Google This: Five Computer Science Faculty Receive Google Research AwardsA record-setting five faculty from the Department of Computer Science (CS) in the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences have received prestigious Google Faculty Research Awards, which support innovative research of new technologies developed by university faculty worldwide.
5/2/2016 Titanium Dioxide Exposure Increases Risk of Bacterial InfectionWhen human cells are exposed to titanium dioxide without the presence of UV light from the sun, the risk for bacterial infection more than doubles. This finding by a Stony Brook University-led research team, published early online in the Journal of Nanobiotechnology, raises concerns about exposure to titanium dioxide, a nanoparticle commonly used in millions of products worldwide ranging from cosmetics to toothpaste, gum, food coloring, and medicines.
4/15/2016 Computer Scientist Receives CAREER Award to Make Portable Parallel Programming PossibleRezaul Chowdhury, PhD, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science in the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, has received the prestigious Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF). The award will help to advance his research on developing theories and efficient tools to facilitate the design of portable parallel algorithms to be used in computing platforms ranging from small laptop computers to massive supercomputers.
3/29/2016 New Method to Identify Nanoparticles in Tissue May Shed Light on their Health ImpactA team of researchers from Stony Brook University, SUNY Polytechnic Institute, and George Washington School of Medicine have demonstrated a pioneering method for the rapid visualization and identification of engineered nanoparticles in tissue. The research, detailed in a paper published in Microscopy Research and Technique, is a cost-effective hyperspectral imaging method for nanomaterial analysis that may shed light on nanomaterials' potential health impacts.
3/24/2016 CAREER Award Enables Computer Scientist to Expand Research on Game TheoryJing Chen, PhD, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science in the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, has received the prestigious Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF). The award will help to advance her research on mechanism design that has impact on computation and rationality problems in areas such as game theory, economics and social sciences.
3/15/2016 Study Shows Sharkskin Increases Drag by 50 PercentThe nature of sharkskin with its riblets - the micro-grooved structures found in aircraft wings, wind turbine blades, and Olympic-class swimsuits - seems to suggest a design for speed and streamlined swimming. But a new study led by Stony Brook University using computational models demonstrates that the denticles that make up mako shark skin increase hydrodynamic drag by up to 50 percent. The study is published this week in the journal Physics of Fluids.
3/14/2016 Professor Researching Next Generation of High-Strength Metals Receives NSF CAREER AwardJason Trelewicz, PhD, an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Stony Brook University (SBU), has received the prestigious Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF). The award will help to advance his research aimed at transforming applications of high-strength metals.
2/26/2016 Scientists Discover New Four-flavor Particle Scientists on the DZero collaboration at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermilab, including five physicists from Stony Brook University, have discovered a new particle--the latest member to be added to the exotic species of particle known as tetraquarks.
2/23/2016 Study Reveals Dodo Birds Not Stupid, as Previously ThoughtThe dodo, an extinct bird popularly recognized for its stupidity that may have led to their quick extinction, may actually have been fairly smart, at least as smart as a common pigeon. This finding is based on a study led by Eugenia Gold of Stony Brook University, and published in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.
2/12/2016 Using Glass to Improve Graphene's Powerful Conductivity A team of scientists led by Matthew Eisaman, a physicist at Stony Brook University and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, have developed a method using common glass for creating resilient, customized, and high-performance graphene. The material is known for its durability and electrical conductivity and is used in the energy, electronics and semiconductor industries. The graphene-enhancing process is detailed in a paper published in Scientific Reports.
2/10/2016 Mechanism that Unwinds DNA may Function Similar to an Oil Rig "Pumpjack"A team of scientists led by Stony Brook University biochemist Huilin Li, PhD, have proposed that DNA is unwound by a type of "pumpjack" mechanism, similar to the way one operates on an oil rig. Their finding, published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, is based on new close-up images of the proteins that unwind DNA inside the nucleus of a yeast cell and could offer insight into ways that DNA replication can go awry and trigger disease.
2/4/2016 Study Reveals Proteins Most Associated With Aging Certain proteins known to be associated with aging and age-related diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and cancer are also at a high risk for destabilization caused by oxidation. This finding by a team of researchers at the Laufer Center for Physical and Quantitative Biology at Stony Brook University provides an understanding of how oxidative damage, which is a natural process in aging cells, affects proteins. It could also prove to be a foundation to a better understanding of age-related diseases. The paper, titled "Highly charged proteins: the Achilles' heel of ageing proteoms," is published in the journal Structure.
2/1/2016 Novel Microscopy Helps Stony Brook Researchers Examine the Ocean Like Never BeforeThere are about one million bacteria, thousands of species and untold genetic diversity in just one drop of seawater. This amazing fact and the powerful roles played by marine microbes in shaping the health of the ocean's ecosystem and our climate has led Gordon T. Taylor, a Professor of Oceanography at Stony Brook University's School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS), to focus his research on uncovering the wonders of marine microbial life. Now, a new $800,000 grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation will enable Professor Taylor and colleagues to develop new microscopy-based technologies to probe this environment at levels not seen before.
1/20/2016 Alzheimer's Diagnosis Complicated by History of Reading ProblemsCorrectly diagnosing Alzheimer's disease remains a challenge for medical professionals. Now, a new study published in the current issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease reveals a new clue to possible misdiagnosis. The study found that older adults with a history of reading problems perform similarly on some neuropsychological tests to those who show signs of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) associated with early Alzheimer's disease. The finding, based on the results of a Stony Brook University-led research team in collaboration with Boston University School of Medicine, emphasize the need for professionals to take into account developmental history and have a broad understanding of neuropsychological testing when interpreting the meaning of low memory test scores.
1/19/2016 Stony Brook Researchers Discover Ice-like Phonons in Liquid WaterFor more than 100 years, scientists have debated what the underlying molecular structure of water is, and the common view has been that H2O molecules are either "water-like" or "ice-like." Now through computer simulation conducted at the Institute for Advanced Computational Science (IACS) at Stony Brook University, researchers can illustrate that the structure and dynamics of hydrogen bonding in liquid water is more similar to ice than previously thought. The finding, published in Nature Communications, changes the common understanding of the molecular nature of water and has relevance to many fields, such as climate science and molecular biophysics, and technologies such as desalinization and water-based energy production.
12/31/2015 Heart Attack Patients with History of Bypass Surgery Prone to Delayed TreatmentHeart attack patients who had previously undergone cardiac bypass surgery are about twice as likely to have a delay in receiving angioplasty, or another form of revascularization, compared to heart attack patients who had no history of bypass surgery or previous angioplasty. This finding, from a study led by a Stony Brook Heart Institute cardiologist Luis Gruberg, MD, and published in the journal of the American College of Cardiology Interventions, may lead to a finding new ways to improve hospital arrival to treatment times for heart attack patients with a bypass history.