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2/25/2015 New Technology Tracks Cell Lineage To Watch Evolution at WorkEvolution is change, and not always for the better. Evolution, in fact, is at the core of many of the diseases that are hardest to treat. Pathogens such as bacteria and parasites evade their host's defenses or antimicrobial drugs through evolution. Cancer itself in an evolutionary process, whereby "rogue" cells evolve to grow beyond their normal barriers, migrate to distant locations in the body, and ultimately evade chemotherapy.
2/11/2015 Research Team Finds How CBD, a Component in Marijuana, Works Within CellsA team of Stony Brook University researchers have identified fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) as intracellular transporters for two ingredients in marijuana, THC and CBD (cannabidiol). The finding, published early online in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, is significant because it helps explain how CBD works within the cells. Recent clinical findings have shown that CBD may help reduce seizures and could be a potential new medicine to treat pediatric treatment-resistant epilepsy.
2/9/2015 Study Reveals Industrial Aerosol Emissions Has Changed the Relationship Between Temperature and Precipitation in the Northern TropicsAn international team of scientists, including Minghua Zhang, Dean and Director of Stony Brook University's School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS), has found that man-made aerosol emissions from industrial processes have changed the relationship between temperature and precipitation in the northing tropics. The findings, published early online in Nature Geoscience, may help to indicate the shifts in seasonal rainfall in Central America, which is critical for agriculture in the region.
2/6/2015 Energy Secretary Moniz Dedicates the World's Brightest Synchrotron Light Source U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Ernest Moniz today dedicated the world's most advanced light source, the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The NSLS-II is a $912-million DOE Office of Science User Facility that produces extremely bright beams of x-ray, ultraviolet, and infrared light used to examine a wide range of materials, including superconductors and catalysts, geological samples, and biological proteins to accelerate advances in energy, environmental science, and medicine.
2/2/2015 Study Finds Transgender Children Are Clear About Their IdentityA visible and growing number of transgender children in North America live in alignment with their gender identity rather than their natal sex, yet scientific research has largely ignored them. No longer, says Nicholas Eaton, PhD, an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Stony Brook University. Dr. Eaton and his colleagues at the TransYouth Project have started the first large-scale, national study of socially-supported transgender kids.
1/23/2015 Research Team Uses Nanostructure Surface Textures to Improve Solar CellsLight that bounces off of solar panels is lost energy and presents a ubiquitous problem for efficiently converting the sun's rays into electricity. Now a team of scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University have developed a new anti-reflective design for solar panels based on nanostructured surface textures and inspired by the structures of the eyes of moths, which are designed to keep light from reflecting back out. Their findings are published in Nature Communications.
1/21/2015 Benjamin Hsiao Named Materials Research Society FellowBenjamin Hsiao, PhD, Professor in the Department of Chemistry, Affiliated Professor in Materials Science & Engineering, and Co-Founding Director of the Innovative Global Energy Solutions Center at Stony Brook University, has been selected as a Fellow of the Materials Research Society (MRS). He will be recognized with this distinction at the MRS annual meeting in April in San Francisco.
1/20/2015 Researchers Discover How Brain Recognizes DangerOur existence depends on a bit of evolutionary genius aptly nicknamed "fight or flight." But where in our brain does the alarm first go off, and what other parts of the brain are mobilized to express fear and remember to avoid danger in the future?
1/8/2015 Mapping of Silver Matrix Formation in Batteries Will Enhance Efficiency Scientists at Stony Brook University and the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are using pioneering x-ray techniques to map internal atomic transformations of the highly conductive silver matrix formation within lithium-based batteries that may lead to the design of more efficient batteries. Their findings are published online today in the journal Science.
1/8/2015 Stony Brook Receives $2 Million DOE Grant to Create a New Super Energy-Saving Air Conditioning VentA Stony Brook University research team has been awarded $2 million from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA-E) to develop an active air conditioning vent capable of modulating airflow distribution, velocity, and temperature designed for commercial or residential units. Led by Ya Wang, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the goal of the project is to create a vent that results in up to 30 percent energy savings through directed localization of existing building heating/cooling output.
12/19/2014 Two Stony Brook Physics Scholars Elected American Physical Society FellowsTwo scholars from the Stony Brook University Department of Physics and Astronomy -- Abhay Deshpande and Rosalba Perna - have been elected Fellows of the American Physical Society (APS) for their exceptional contributions to the national and international physics enterprise.
12/11/2014 Philanthropic Prize Supporting High Risk, High Reward Research Addressing Modern Problems Awarded To Laurie T. Krug For Research on How Viruses Cause DiseaseLaurie T. Krug, Assistant Professor, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology at Stony Brook University, is the first early career scientist to be named the Stony Brook University Discovery Prize Fellow, a new philanthropically-sponsored award established to fund high-risk, high-reward basic research projects. Krug was named today following a "Shark Tank"-meets-"TED Talk"-styled competition at the Simons Foundation headquarters in New York City. Krug was selected from one of four finalists for her project that researches herpes viruses that are associated with cancer and the idea of delivering molecular scissors to the site of virus infection using nanoparticles.
11/21/2014 Needleless Vaccination Developed at Stony Brook Takes 1st Place at Inventors CompetitionThree-time Stony Brook University graduate, Katarzyna (Kasia) M. Sawicka, PhD ('04, '05, '14), won first prize in the graduate division of the national Collegiate Inventors Competition for her invention of "Immuno-Matrix," a needless vaccination that is as simple as putting on a Band-Aid®. The first of its kind, Immuno-Matrix is a non-invasive skin patch that uses nanofibers to hold and effectively deliver a vaccine through the skin; it's painless, self-administered, and doesn't produce bio hazardous waste.
11/20/2014 Stony Brook Scientists Unveil First Structure Measurements of Molten Uranium DioxideNuclear power is part of the worldwide energy mix, accounting for around 10% of global electricity supply. Safety is the paramount issue. Uranium dioxide (UO2) is the major nuclear fuel component of fission reactors, and the concern during severe accidents is the melting and leakage of radioactive UO2 as it corrodes through its protective containment systems. Understanding--in order to predict--the behavior of UO2 at extreme temperatures is crucial to improved safety and optimization of this electricity source.
11/17/2014 Stony Brook Researchers Receive Two-Year INCITE Award of 50 Million Supercomputing Hours for Modeling Astrophysical ExplosionsA team of Stony Brook University researchers has been awarded 50 million hours on the Titan Cray XK7 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, one of the world's fastest supercomputers, to advance their research on modeling of astrophysical explosions. The two-year project, titled, "Approaching Exascale Models of Astrophysical Explosions," led by Astronomy Professor Michael Zingale in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, stems from the U.S. Department of Energy's Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment award (INCITE), which provides the supercomputing hours.
11/13/2014 Could Depression Actually be a form of Infectious Disease?Major depressive disorder (MDD) should be re-conceptualized as an infectious disease, according to Turhan Canli, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychology and Radiology at Stony Brook University. In a paper published in Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, Dr.Canli suggests that major depression may result from parasitic, bacterial, or viral infection. He presents examples that illustrate possible pathways by which these microorganisms could contribute to the etiology of MDD.
11/6/2014 News Coverage of "Vintana" Discovery Goes GlobalNews coverage about the discovery of a new fossil mammal by Stony Brook University paleontologist and Distinguished Professor Dr. David Krause and his team has gone global. The discovery of Vintana, published on Nov. 5 in the journal Nature, has grabbed headlines and captivated the news media from around the world.
11/5/2014 Newly Discovered Fossil is a Clue to Early Mammalian EvolutionA newly discovered 66-70 million-year-old groundhog-like creature, massive in size compared to other mammals of its era, provides new and important insights into early mammalian evolution. Stony Brook University paleontologist David Krause, PhD, led the research team that unexpectedly discovered a nearly complete cranium of the mammal, which lived alongside Late Cretaceous dinosaurs in Madagascar. The findings, which shake up current views on the mammalian evolutionary tree, will be published in the journal Nature on November 5.
11/4/2014 Stony Brook Announces Four Finalists for Inaugural Discovery Fund AwardSometimes you just have to do it yourself. That's what the Stony Brook Foundation did in establishing The Discovery Fund, which supports pioneering scientific breakthroughs with philanthropic giving in response to declining federal grants for basic research. Now, the finalists for the inaugural Discovery Fund Award have been selected and will compete for up to $200,000; the recipient(s) of which will be announced immediately following their presentations which will take place on Thursday, December 11 in New York City.
10/31/2014 People Change Their Moral Values to Benefit Themselves Over OthersAccording to an old adage, if someone tells you "it's not about the money but the principle," chances are it is about the money. A new study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B finds that people are quick to change their moral values depending on which rule means more cash for them instead of others.
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