1/23/2015 Research Team Uses Nanostructure Surface Textures to Improve Solar CellsLight that bounces off of solar panels is lost energy and presents a ubiquitous problem for efficiently converting the sun's rays into electricity. Now a team of scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University have developed a new anti-reflective design for solar panels based on nanostructured surface textures and inspired by the structures of the eyes of moths, which are designed to keep light from reflecting back out. Their findings are published in Nature Communications.
1/21/2015 Benjamin Hsiao Named Materials Research Society FellowBenjamin Hsiao, PhD, Professor in the Department of Chemistry, Affiliated Professor in Materials Science & Engineering, and Co-Founding Director of the Innovative Global Energy Solutions Center at Stony Brook University, has been selected as a Fellow of the Materials Research Society (MRS). He will be recognized with this distinction at the MRS annual meeting in April in San Francisco.
1/20/2015 Researchers Discover How Brain Recognizes DangerOur existence depends on a bit of evolutionary genius aptly nicknamed "fight or flight." But where in our brain does the alarm first go off, and what other parts of the brain are mobilized to express fear and remember to avoid danger in the future?
1/8/2015 Mapping of Silver Matrix Formation in Batteries Will Enhance Efficiency Scientists at Stony Brook University and the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are using pioneering x-ray techniques to map internal atomic transformations of the highly conductive silver matrix formation within lithium-based batteries that may lead to the design of more efficient batteries. Their findings are published online today in the journal Science.
1/8/2015 Stony Brook Receives $2 Million DOE Grant to Create a New Super Energy-Saving Air Conditioning VentA Stony Brook University research team has been awarded $2 million from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA-E) to develop an active air conditioning vent capable of modulating airflow distribution, velocity, and temperature designed for commercial or residential units. Led by Ya Wang, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the goal of the project is to create a vent that results in up to 30 percent energy savings through directed localization of existing building heating/cooling output.
12/19/2014 Two Stony Brook Physics Scholars Elected American Physical Society FellowsTwo scholars from the Stony Brook University Department of Physics and Astronomy -- Abhay Deshpande and Rosalba Perna - have been elected Fellows of the American Physical Society (APS) for their exceptional contributions to the national and international physics enterprise.
12/11/2014 Philanthropic Prize Supporting High Risk, High Reward Research Addressing Modern Problems Awarded To Laurie T. Krug For Research on How Viruses Cause DiseaseLaurie T. Krug, Assistant Professor, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology at Stony Brook University, is the first early career scientist to be named the Stony Brook University Discovery Prize Fellow, a new philanthropically-sponsored award established to fund high-risk, high-reward basic research projects. Krug was named today following a "Shark Tank"-meets-"TED Talk"-styled competition at the Simons Foundation headquarters in New York City. Krug was selected from one of four finalists for her project that researches herpes viruses that are associated with cancer and the idea of delivering molecular scissors to the site of virus infection using nanoparticles.
11/21/2014 Needleless Vaccination Developed at Stony Brook Takes 1st Place at Inventors CompetitionThree-time Stony Brook University graduate, Katarzyna (Kasia) M. Sawicka, PhD ('04, '05, '14), won first prize in the graduate division of the national Collegiate Inventors Competition for her invention of "Immuno-Matrix," a needless vaccination that is as simple as putting on a Band-Aid®. The first of its kind, Immuno-Matrix is a non-invasive skin patch that uses nanofibers to hold and effectively deliver a vaccine through the skin; it's painless, self-administered, and doesn't produce bio hazardous waste.
11/20/2014 Stony Brook Scientists Unveil First Structure Measurements of Molten Uranium DioxideNuclear power is part of the worldwide energy mix, accounting for around 10% of global electricity supply. Safety is the paramount issue. Uranium dioxide (UO2) is the major nuclear fuel component of fission reactors, and the concern during severe accidents is the melting and leakage of radioactive UO2 as it corrodes through its protective containment systems. Understanding--in order to predict--the behavior of UO2 at extreme temperatures is crucial to improved safety and optimization of this electricity source.
11/17/2014 Stony Brook Researchers Receive Two-Year INCITE Award of 50 Million Supercomputing Hours for Modeling Astrophysical ExplosionsA team of Stony Brook University researchers has been awarded 50 million hours on the Titan Cray XK7 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, one of the world's fastest supercomputers, to advance their research on modeling of astrophysical explosions. The two-year project, titled, "Approaching Exascale Models of Astrophysical Explosions," led by Astronomy Professor Michael Zingale in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, stems from the U.S. Department of Energy's Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment award (INCITE), which provides the supercomputing hours.
11/13/2014 Could Depression Actually be a form of Infectious Disease?Major depressive disorder (MDD) should be re-conceptualized as an infectious disease, according to Turhan Canli, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychology and Radiology at Stony Brook University. In a paper published in Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, Dr.Canli suggests that major depression may result from parasitic, bacterial, or viral infection. He presents examples that illustrate possible pathways by which these microorganisms could contribute to the etiology of MDD.
11/6/2014 News Coverage of "Vintana" Discovery Goes GlobalNews coverage about the discovery of a new fossil mammal by Stony Brook University paleontologist and Distinguished Professor Dr. David Krause and his team has gone global. The discovery of Vintana, published on Nov. 5 in the journal Nature, has grabbed headlines and captivated the news media from around the world.
11/5/2014 Newly Discovered Fossil is a Clue to Early Mammalian EvolutionA newly discovered 66-70 million-year-old groundhog-like creature, massive in size compared to other mammals of its era, provides new and important insights into early mammalian evolution. Stony Brook University paleontologist David Krause, PhD, led the research team that unexpectedly discovered a nearly complete cranium of the mammal, which lived alongside Late Cretaceous dinosaurs in Madagascar. The findings, which shake up current views on the mammalian evolutionary tree, will be published in the journal Nature on November 5.
11/4/2014 Stony Brook Announces Four Finalists for Inaugural Discovery Fund AwardSometimes you just have to do it yourself. That's what the Stony Brook Foundation did in establishing The Discovery Fund, which supports pioneering scientific breakthroughs with philanthropic giving in response to declining federal grants for basic research. Now, the finalists for the inaugural Discovery Fund Award have been selected and will compete for up to $200,000; the recipient(s) of which will be announced immediately following their presentations which will take place on Thursday, December 11 in New York City.
10/31/2014 People Change Their Moral Values to Benefit Themselves Over OthersAccording to an old adage, if someone tells you "it's not about the money but the principle," chances are it is about the money. A new study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B finds that people are quick to change their moral values depending on which rule means more cash for them instead of others.
10/21/2014 Stony Brook Scientists Disprove Theory That Reconstructed Boron Surface is MetallicScientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition, subject to constant checking and rechecking. Recently, a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators--nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons. The effect, based on relativity theory, exists only in special materials--those with heavy elements--and has the potential to revolutionize electronics.
10/15/2014 Scientists Map Key Moment in Assembly of DNA-Splitting Molecular MachineThe proteins that drive DNA replication--the force behind cellular growth and reproduction--are some of the most complex machines on Earth. The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic-scale moving parts that rapidly interact and transform. Mapping that dense molecular machinery is one of the most promising and challenging frontiers in medicine and biology.
10/9/2014 New Mobile Solar Unit is Designed to Save Lives When the Power Goes OutBrooke Ellison draws her own power from will, but the ventilator that keeps her alive requires uninterrupted electricity. Dr. Ellison, Director of Education and Ethics at Stony Brook University's Stem Cell Research Facility and Associate Director of the Center for Community Engagement and Leadership Development, is allowing scientists to field-test, at her home, the Nextek Power Systems STAR, a mobile solar generator with battery storage. The testing focuses on potential equipment changes needed to secure FDA approval as a medical-grade, uninterrupted, clean-energy power resource for emergency situations like Superstorm Sandy or other disastrous events when power outages are rampant.
10/3/2014 Can Diet Alter the Progression of Prostate Cancer?The Prostate Care Program at Stony Brook Medicine is seeking men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer to participate in a study to see if diet affects disease progression. Called the Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study, sponsored nationally by the Alliance for Clinical Trials Oncology, part of a clinical trials network of the National Cancer Institute, the trial involves altering one's diet to include more vegetables, whole grains, fruit and fiber. Stony Brook is one of the sites participating in New York State, and the only one in Suffolk County.
9/29/2014 Do We Have Time to Save Species from Climate Change?Climate change is expected to result in heightened risk of extinction for many species. Because conservation scientists are just starting to understand this threat, many have concluded that current risk assessment protocols, such as the International 'Red List' published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and based on rules established in the 1990s, will fail to identify many species at risk from climate change. However, an international team of researchers, including Professor Resit Akçakaya of Stony Brook University's Department of Ecology and Evolution, counter that current assessment methods are able to identify such species. Their findings are published in the journal Global Change Biology.