11/21/2014 Needleless Vaccination Developed at Stony Brook Takes 1st Place at Inventors CompetitionThree-time Stony Brook University graduate, Katarzyna (Kasia) M. Sawicka, PhD ('04, '05, '14), won first prize in the graduate division of the national Collegiate Inventors Competition for her invention of "Immuno-Matrix," a needless vaccination that is as simple as putting on a Band-Aid®. The first of its kind, Immuno-Matrix is a non-invasive skin patch that uses nanofibers to hold and effectively deliver a vaccine through the skin; it's painless, self-administered, and doesn't produce bio hazardous waste.
11/20/2014 Stony Brook Scientists Unveil First Structure Measurements of Molten Uranium DioxideNuclear power is part of the worldwide energy mix, accounting for around 10% of global electricity supply. Safety is the paramount issue. Uranium dioxide (UO2) is the major nuclear fuel component of fission reactors, and the concern during severe accidents is the melting and leakage of radioactive UO2 as it corrodes through its protective containment systems. Understanding--in order to predict--the behavior of UO2 at extreme temperatures is crucial to improved safety and optimization of this electricity source.
11/17/2014 Stony Brook Researchers Receive Two-Year INCITE Award of 50 Million Supercomputing Hours for Modeling Astrophysical ExplosionsA team of Stony Brook University researchers has been awarded 50 million hours on the Titan Cray XK7 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, one of the world's fastest supercomputers, to advance their research on modeling of astrophysical explosions. The two-year project, titled, "Approaching Exascale Models of Astrophysical Explosions," led by Astronomy Professor Michael Zingale in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, stems from the U.S. Department of Energy's Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment award (INCITE), which provides the supercomputing hours.
11/13/2014 Could Depression Actually be a form of Infectious Disease?Major depressive disorder (MDD) should be re-conceptualized as an infectious disease, according to Turhan Canli, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychology and Radiology at Stony Brook University. In a paper published in Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, Dr.Canli suggests that major depression may result from parasitic, bacterial, or viral infection. He presents examples that illustrate possible pathways by which these microorganisms could contribute to the etiology of MDD.
11/6/2014 News Coverage of "Vintana" Discovery Goes GlobalNews coverage about the discovery of a new fossil mammal by Stony Brook University paleontologist and Distinguished Professor Dr. David Krause and his team has gone global. The discovery of Vintana, published on Nov. 5 in the journal Nature, has grabbed headlines and captivated the news media from around the world.
11/5/2014 Newly Discovered Fossil is a Clue to Early Mammalian EvolutionA newly discovered 66-70 million-year-old groundhog-like creature, massive in size compared to other mammals of its era, provides new and important insights into early mammalian evolution. Stony Brook University paleontologist David Krause, PhD, led the research team that unexpectedly discovered a nearly complete cranium of the mammal, which lived alongside Late Cretaceous dinosaurs in Madagascar. The findings, which shake up current views on the mammalian evolutionary tree, will be published in the journal Nature on November 5.
11/4/2014 Stony Brook Announces Four Finalists for Inaugural Discovery Fund AwardSometimes you just have to do it yourself. That's what the Stony Brook Foundation did in establishing The Discovery Fund, which supports pioneering scientific breakthroughs with philanthropic giving in response to declining federal grants for basic research. Now, the finalists for the inaugural Discovery Fund Award have been selected and will compete for up to $200,000; the recipient(s) of which will be announced immediately following their presentations which will take place on Thursday, December 11 in New York City.
10/31/2014 People Change Their Moral Values to Benefit Themselves Over OthersAccording to an old adage, if someone tells you "it's not about the money but the principle," chances are it is about the money. A new study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B finds that people are quick to change their moral values depending on which rule means more cash for them instead of others.
10/21/2014 Stony Brook Scientists Disprove Theory That Reconstructed Boron Surface is MetallicSTONY BROOK, N.Y., October 21, 2014 - Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition, subject to constant checking and rechecking. Recently, a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators--nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons. The effect, based on relativity theory, exists only in special materials--those with heavy elements--and has the potential to revolutionize electronics.
10/15/2014 Scientists Map Key Moment in Assembly of DNA-Splitting Molecular MachineStony Brook, NY, October 15, 2014 --The proteins that drive DNA replication--the force behind cellular growth and reproduction--are some of the most complex machines on Earth. The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic-scale moving parts that rapidly interact and transform. Mapping that dense molecular machinery is one of the most promising and challenging frontiers in medicine and biology.
10/9/2014 New Mobile Solar Unit is Designed to Save Lives When the Power Goes OutSTONY BROOK, N.Y., October 9, 2014 - Brooke Ellison draws her own power from will, but the ventilator that keeps her alive requires uninterrupted electricity. Dr. Ellison, Director of Education and Ethics at Stony Brook University's Stem Cell Research Facility and Associate Director of the Center for Community Engagement and Leadership Development, is allowing scientists to field-test, at her home, the Nextek Power Systems STAR, a mobile solar generator with battery storage. The testing focuses on potential equipment changes needed to secure FDA approval as a medical-grade, uninterrupted, clean-energy power resource for emergency situations like Superstorm Sandy or other disastrous events when power outages are rampant.
10/3/2014 Can Diet Alter the Progression of Prostate Cancer?STONY BROOK, N.Y., October 3, 2014 - The Prostate Care Program at Stony Brook Medicine is seeking men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer to participate in a study to see if diet affects disease progression. Called the Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study, sponsored nationally by the Alliance for Clinical Trials Oncology, part of a clinical trials network of the National Cancer Institute, the trial involves altering one's diet to include more vegetables, whole grains, fruit and fiber. Stony Brook is one of the sites participating in New York State, and the only one in Suffolk County.
9/29/2014 Do We Have Time to Save Species from Climate Change?STONY BROOK, NY, September 29, 2014 - Climate change is expected to result in heightened risk of extinction for many species. Because conservation scientists are just starting to understand this threat, many have concluded that current risk assessment protocols, such as the International 'Red List' published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and based on rules established in the 1990s, will fail to identify many species at risk from climate change. However, an international team of researchers, including Professor Resit Akçakaya of Stony Brook University's Department of Ecology and Evolution, counter that current assessment methods are able to identify such species. Their findings are published in the journal Global Change Biology.
9/24/2014 Stony Brook Researchers Quantify Underlying Landscape of CancerThe cellular and genetic hallmarks of cancer development are multiple, and a team of researchers in the Departments of Chemistry and Physics at Stony Brook University have developed a pictorial yet quantitative landscape theory to explore cancer cellular development that could form the foundation to new anticancer tactics.
9/16/2014 NSF Awards $1.91 Million Dimensions of Biodiversity Grant to Stony Brook-led International Scientific TeamStony Brook, NY, September 16, 2014 - Liliana M. Dávalos, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolution at Stony Brook University and colleagues internationally have received a $1.91-million Dimensions of Biodiversity grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to discover how bats sense their environment and other individuals, including potential mates, thus ensuring survival and reproduction.
9/16/2014 Elusive Quantum Transformations Found Near Absolute ZeroStony Brook, NY - September 16, 2014 - Heat drives classical phase transitions--think solid, liquid, and gas--but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops. If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable, where quantum mechanics reigns, subtle fluctuations can dramatically transform a material.
9/15/2014 Stony Brook Researchers Develop New Method to Measure Cerebral Blood FlowSTONY BROOK, N.Y., September 15, 2014 - One thing leads to another, especially in research. When Stony Brook University School of Medicine scientists developed a new method to measure how cocaine disrupts blood flow in the brains of mice, doctors and researchers got a way to form a clearer picture of how drug abuse affects the brain. But the quantitative imaging technique can also be applied to other disease diagnoses and treatments as well, including cancer.
9/10/2014 PTSD and Respiratory Illness: A Signature Long-Term Problem of 9/11 RespondersSTONY BROOK, N.Y., September 10, 2014 - According to the findings from research conducted over the past several years at Stony Brook Medicine's World Trade Center Health Program, as many as 60 percent of 9/11 World Trade Center responders continue to experience clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and lower respiratory illness.
9/3/2014 Drug Therapies and Parent Training Help Children with ADHD and Severe AggressionSTONY BROOK, NY, September 3, 2014 - Prescribing both a stimulant and an antipsychotic drug to children with physical aggression and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), along with teaching parents to use behavior management techniques, reduces aggressive and serious behavioral problems in children, according to a study conducted by researchers in the Department of Psychiatry at Stony Brook University School of Medicine. The findings are published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
8/15/2014 Stony Brook Professor Receives SUNY Grant to Develop Spinal Cord Blood Flow DeviceStony Brook, NY, August 15, 2014 - Thomas F. Floyd, MD, a Professor of Anesthesiology at Stony Brook Medicine, has been awarded $50,000 through SUNY Technology Accelerator Fund (TAF), which supports the development and commercialization of innovations by SUNY faculty and students. The SUNY grant supports his development of a disposable spinal cord probe designed to help measure spinal cord blood flow as a tool measure spinal cord ischemia, which can lead to paralysis.